Paul Julien (1901-2001) was an anthropologist from the Netherlands who traveled through Liberia in 1932. Andrea Stultiens (1974) is a photographer and researcher from the Netherlands. As part of her PhD-research she tries to connect the past that was documented by Paul Julien to the past as remembered in Liberia and the way it is connected to the present. Julien’s photographs are part of the collection of the Netherlands Fotomuseum in Rotterdam.From July 19th till August 19th 2014, Julien’s photographs and the film he made will be on display at the National Museum. Leading up to this, some of the stories are shared in History and Us columns written collaboratively by Kenneth Best and Andrea Stultiens. Comments are most welcome on email@example.com.This week Paul Julien finally sets off from Monrovia towards the goal of his travels in the interior. He wrote that ‘Most of my time in Monrovia was, in line with the nature of my business in Liberia, spent on the preparations for the trip. And within those preparations the porter-issue was of great importance. Finding reliable, strong men, who would be able and willing to deal with the hardship of a journey through the hinterland during the rainy season, was a first priority to make this expedition into a success.’Initially Julien hires Bassa porters. But when they hear about the route and destination of the journey, they all refused to go because, ‘the Manoh – whether justified or not, I will leave that open for now – are said to still practice cannibalism up to now.’ On board of the ship that brought him to Africa a German co-traveler warned Julien that he should not go to Manoh-land because of the same cannibalism. The Irish missionaries, who Julien holds in high esteem, on the other hand, say that the practice has been abolished fifteen years ago and laughed claims of cannibalism away. Julien adds that ‘All those stories by Europeans don’t mean a thing. Nobody here ever went to the interior. They are all traders on the coast. The negroes bring the products to the coast themselves and the traders are not familiar with the situation in the interior. They are afraid of it and have big stories. But so far I haven’t talked to one of them who traveled more than 15 km upcountry.’With the help of the missionaries porters belonging to the Manoh and Geh people are then engaged. Julien seems to be unaware of the porter system that, as I understood, at the time was an involuntary service. He pays the people who carry his stuff and that is that for him. They should obey, and he makes them do that with an authoritative voice.The group, led by cook Moses, was sent on its way, with the majority of the heavy luggage that included salt and tobacco that was to be used as payment, food and all the research equipment needed.There was only one main road then in the country that, as Julien tells us, ended in Kakata. He does not walk this first part of the journey, but arrives three days after the departure of his porters in a truck. Beyond Kakata efforts are made to continue the road that should cut through the country in north-eastern direction, but there are no bridges which makes it impossible to pass through during rainy season.Julien stays in Kakata for a few nights, hosted by Mr Bare, an American who ran a Protestant mission school there.Julien walks with his porters, as he considers a hammock, to be more of a burden than giving pleasure, considering the road conditions. The only time we see a hammock appear in his photographs is when he visits Mr Reider, another missionary whom he meets in ‘Kpelleland’. Next week we will see Prof. Logemoh, who was at the time also on a mission in Kpelleland, but one very different from Julien’s, and, of course, more closely connected to the geopolitical situation Liberia was in.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
“I would be so happy with $3 a gallon now,” said Jennifer Johnson-Lane of Valencia, who sidelined her SUV and began carpooling to work after gas prices inched up last year. “But I have done all that I can do.” Today’s gas prices represent the fourth consecutive year that costs have soared to new heights in May. The previous high was set May 14, 2006, when gas topped out at $3.40 a gallon, according to the Automobile Club of Southern California. And gas prices have risen for 13 consecutive weeks – a total of 30 cents – because of a crimp in supplies, says a report from the Department of Energy. For Jatinder Dhandi of Northridge, $5 is his final limit to pay for a gallon of regular gas. If it ever reaches that point, he cannot afford to drive. “It’s killing me,” said the 24-year-old, who recalled that gas was in the $2 to $3 range when he moved from India three years ago. “It’s time to use bicycles.” For some, that bike lane is looking better every day. For others, car pools are the answer to soaring gasoline prices that threaten three-figure prices to fill up the SUV. At $3.42 for a gallon of regular gas, today’s record- setting prices have motorists looking at their options and determining their breaking points. Lurking in the back of their minds is the hope that this is a one-time high – but the fear that it’s the face of things to come. Supplies drop A refinery fire last week in Oklahoma and a refinery outage in western Texas have recently contributed to the tight supply that has dropped nearly 10 percent since last year, said Carol Thorp, spokeswoman for the Automobile Club of Southern California. But those recent events are on top of an increase in the world’s rising appetite for gas, especially in India and China, where economies are growing. “We’re not the only game in town any more,” Thorp said. Now, newspaper headlines from other states are reflecting consumers’ sharp reactions as they grapple with prices reaching what California feared last year – $3 a gallon. Around the country, it’s cheapest to fill up in Alabama and Oklahoma, where a gallon of regular gas costs $2.87. Higher prices are on the West Coast – $3.34 a gallon in Washington and $3.33 in Oregon, according to the Automobile Club. California prices high California traditionally has prices that are even higher because of laws that mandate a special mixture of cleaner-burning fuel. After paying $40 for about 10 gallons of gas on Friday, Kris Miller of West Hills said she’s reconsidering day trips to Newbury Park and Ventura, some of her favorite places to frequent. “I’m sitting back to see what happens with the prices. This summer will be the test,” Miller said. “Prices are not going down like they did in the past.” What seems like skyrocketing gas prices today could become the normal rates, said Jack Kyser, chief economist for the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corp. Kyser said consumers will have to decide whether to change their means of transportation to cope with this new reality. “This is a problem that’s not going away,” Kyser said. If residents do turn to public transportation, they will see increases in fares, as well. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority has proposed to nearly double many bus and rail fares by 2009. Metrolink passengers could also see rates increase by up to 30 percent during the next three years. Melody Mandegar, 21, of Encino said her breaking point for gas prices is $4.50 a gallon. If it ever reaches that, she’ll trade in her car for a seat on the bus. These days, she allows herself $20 a week for gas and sticks to a budget. “I already stay home more and do errands locally,” she said. firstname.lastname@example.org (818) 713-3746160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Steve Clarke believes Liverpool must change Steven Gerrard’s role to get the best out of him.The Reds’ captain has largely been deployed in a deep-lying midfield position this season, with sceptics doubting his ability to get up and down the pitch in the way he did in his pomp.But former Anfield assistant manager Clarke insists the 34-year-old still has the class to be effective in a more dangerous role – as he proved with his side’s decisive second goal in their 3-1 win at Leicester on Tuesday night.“Gerrard is a top player,” he told the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast. “He is not in the same condition he was ten years ago but he still has the quality to influence a game and the position he played against Leicester, a little bit closer to the striker, is probably the position he enjoys the most and he’ll always score goals from that position.“He still has the legs to play in that position and I think that’s where he enjoys playing the most.“Liverpool were a different team last year with [Luis] Suarez and [Daniel] Sturridge up front and they could afford to drop Gerrard a little deeper, but they’ve got a different team now and I think they’ll get more out of him by playing him a bit further forward.”
0Shares0000Young Iceland goalkeeper Runar Alex Runarsson has joined French top flight club Dijon and will go up against Paris Saint Germain, Marseille and Monaco next season © AFP/File / Frederic J. BrownLYON, France, Jun 18 – Young Iceland goalkeeper Runar Alex Runarsson has joined French top flight club Dijon and will go up against Paris Saint Germain, Marseille and Monaco next season.The 23-year-old was called up to the Iceland squad in May and is currently out in Russia as stand in to Hannes Halldorsson. He has three caps and was in goal for Iceland when Mexico beat them 3-0 in March out in California.“He’s technically gifted, has no fear of aerial play and is very good with his feet,” said Dijon director Sebastien Larcier.“He has the right temperament and bags of charisma,” Larcier said of the 6ft 2in 1m88 stopper.Runarsson, whose father won over 100 caps in the Iceland midfield, has signed a four year deal with the Ligue 1 club after two solid seasons at FC Nordsaelland in Denmark.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
getty Mario Mandzukic is a target for Slaven Bilic in the summer transfer window 1 West Ham’s hopes of signing Mario Mandzukic have suffered a blow with the news the striker is set to be offered a contract extension by Juventus.Despite not playing in his favoured position of centre forward, the Croatia international has remained an integral part of first-team affairs and has clocked up 46 appearances in all competitions.There have been suggestions the 30-year-old is considering his future at the club as he is desperate to revert to his favoured position, but Juve seem intent on keeping him.And, according to Il Messaggero, the Italian champions are preparing to offer the Croatian a new contract in the coming days.His agent is set to fly to Italy to hold further talks with Juventus over a deal and the club are hopeful of finalising an agreement soon.This will come as bad news for West Ham and manager Slaven Bilic, who is hopeful of landing a world class striker during the summer window.
HIS superb goal against Cavan was the stuff that teenage dreams are made of.And now we can reveal the secret of Patrick McBrearty’s success on the Gaelic pitch…his hair wax.Well until last week that is. The 17-year-old had a superb game against Cavan last Sunday to set up next weekend’s Ulster SFC semi-final clash with Tyrone.But what most people don’t know is that young Patrick – who won’t sit his Leaving Cert until next year – only wore gloves in the match against Cavan at Breffni Park on insistence of the management team.A friend revealed: “Paddy likes to use his hands and isn’t a big fan of gloves.“That’s because his favoured method of improving his grip is to rub his hair wax into his hands!” We don’t mind what he wears next weekend – as long as he hits Tyrone for a few scores to set up an Ulster Final clash with Derry.REVEALED: SECRET OF TEEN GAA STAR’S SUCCESS – HAIR GEL! was last modified: June 20th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donegal GAApatrick mcbrearty
DONEGAL’S U14 Ladies travelled to Kinnegad today for the All-Ireland blitz.Every girl played with pride for their county today on what for many was their last game at the U14 level.There is little doubt that they can now go on from their displays today to play with the same pride for Donegal at U16s. Pix Gabrielle Gallagher PICTURE SPECIAL: DONEGAL LADIES U-14s AT THE ALL-IRELAND BLITZ was last modified: May 17th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:All Ireland blitzDonegal Ladies U-14spicture special
WASHINGTON – The Bush administration and military leaders are sounding optimistic notes about scaling back U.S. troops in Iraq next year, as public opposition to the war and congressional demands for withdrawal get louder. Contingency plans for a phased withdrawal include proposals to further postpone or cancel the deployment of a Fort Riley, Kan., brigade and an option to put a combat brigade in nearby Kuwait in case it is needed, said a senior Pentagon official. While military leaders would not confirm the size of possible withdrawals, conversations with defense officials and analysts suggest troop levels could drop below 100,000 next year, contingent on the progress of the Iraqi government and its security forces. There are currently about 155,000 U.S. troops in Iraq. The official, who asked not to be identified because plans are not final, said stresses on the National Guard and Reserves are also factors. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBlues bury Kings early with four first-period goals On Wednesday, Pentagon officials would not confirm any reduction plans. Defense Department spokesman Bryan Whitman said there has been “very positive” development of Iraqi security forces, and he added that “we plan for every possible contingency,” including a smaller coalition force. President George W. Bush has refused to set a withdrawal timetable, and the administration has consistently said U.S. troops will remain as long as needed. Led by Vice President Dick Cheney, the administration has strongly opposed last week’s call by Rep. John Murtha, D-Pa., for a U.S. withdrawal within six months. Public support for the war has fallen in recent weeks, fed by events such as the 2,000th U.S. military death there and allegations of the secret imprisonment and torture of some Iraqi prisoners by the Iraqi government. In recent days, some administration and military officials have made positive-sounding comments about a possible withdrawal. Lt. Gen. John Vines, chief of the Multi-National Corps-Iraq, said Iraqi security forces – which number about 212,000 now – are making excellent progress, an oft-cited precondition for removing U.S. troops. He said 36 Iraqi battalions are responsible for their own areas of operation. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice told Fox News on Tuesday that the U.S. would probably not need to maintain its current troop levels in Iraq “very much longer.” Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld told radio talk show host Sean Hannity that the war would wind down over the next two years, and “we’ll see the coalition forces being able to pare down and pass over responsibility to Iraqi Security Forces on an orderly basis” after the Dec. 15 elections. The Washington Post, quoting anonymous sources, reported Wednesday that the Pentagon tentatively plans to reduce the number of U.S. forces in Iraq early next year by up to three of the 18 combat brigades. “With the number of units available, they are coming to the point where they simply were not going to have enough brigades,” said Dan Goure, a military analyst with the nonpartisan Lexington Institute, which studies public policy. “There is a recognition that the number has to come down because of the stress that was being placed on the force.” Goure added, “There is a plan that has been in the works for at least six months with the idea that we possibly could reduce the number of troops.” 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Principal of Deele College Joe Boyle gets into the spirit.George Best was in his debut season as a Manchester united player, The Beatles were sweeping through America and in the town of Raphoe, the doors of Deele College were opened for the very first time.We never new former principal PJ McGowan was a Teddy Boy in the day!Yesterday, the staff and students of the school kicked off the 50th anniversary celebrations in some style, with a 1960’s themed parade through the town of Raphoe, before showcasing their talents to a packed Diamond. There was a cacophony of noise and a vast array of resplendent colours, as the school community, both past and present, joined together for this fun filled day.Some of the regalia on show included figures from the past, such as Muhammad Ali, JFK and John Lennon, while historical milestones from the era were also celebrated, such as the first lung transplant, the first MRI and the first colour television, showing just how far we have come in fifty years.There were some brilliant performances at The Diamond from students, who sang, acted and recited poetry, while others ensured there were plenty of laughs with their eccentric outfits.The event showed the hard work that the students are willing to put in outside the classroom, as well as inside.Thanks to the students and staff, the day was a massive success and gave students the opportunity to take time out from their busy schedules, to celebrate a significant milestone in the school’s history.The Student Council and members of staff from The Royal and Prior also attended the event and showed their support for the celebrations, illustrating the great working relationship that exists between the two schools.A series of events has been organised for the anniversary and they will take place early next year. These events will bring together former students and former members of staff, where they will get the opportunity to reminisce about their days at the school.The current students and members of staff are looking forward to showcasing the school and it is hoped that the 50th anniversary celebrations will live long in the memory.Rosaleen is having a ‘Harte to Harte’ with these two men in Raphoe.DEELE COLLEGE LAUNCH 50th CELEBRATIONS IN SPECTACULAR FASHION was last modified: October 25th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Paul Durcan leads the Donegal charge.Donegal’s Paddy McGrath sets up another attack for Donegal.Michael Murphy wins this aerial dual during Donegal’s win over Derry.Michael Murphy in full control for Donegal against Derry.Odhran Mac Niallais fires home Donegal’s goal midway through the second-half.Neil Gallagher out-jumps the Derry midfielders to claim this high ball during Donegal’s victory in the first match of their new National League campaignGAA PICTURE SPECIAL: Donegal recorded a fine win in their opening Allianz National League match against local rivals Derry.After a slow start, Donegal were hugely impressive winners and ran out convincing winners on a score-line of Donegal 1-15 Derry 0-12.Above are a selection of images taken from the match by Gary Foy. Next up for Donegal is a trip to Croke Park to face Dublin.PICTURE SPECIAL FROM DONEGAL’S SUPER VICTORY OVER DERRY was last modified: January 31st, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DerrydonegalGAAnewspicture specialSport