New Delhi: India will require $500-700 billion in renewable energy and supporting grid investment over the coming decade in order to meet its renewable energy targets, the US-based Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) said on Friday. In a note titled ‘International Capital Awaits Robust Policy Environment in India’s Renewables Infrastructure Sector’, it reviewed India’s energy market and found some recent policy changes favourable for renewable energy investors. Also Read – Thermal coal import may surpass 200 MT this fiscalBut it also noted with caution some sovereign risk issues that need to be resolved quickly. Author Tim Buckley, Director of Energy Finance Studies with IEEFA, said the world is looking to invest in India’s renewable energy sector. “There has been clear momentum in India’s renewable energy capacity building in the last 24 months, leveraging the expanding opportunities in deflationary sustainable domestic projects,” Buckley said in a statement to IANS. Also Read – Food grain output seen at 140.57 mt in current fiscal on monsoon boost”India is set to reach 144 gigawatts of renewable energy by the end of financial year 2021-22.” “The country has a clear ambition to transition to a cheaper lower emission electricity system, and that ambition is attracting healthy global investment,” he said. According to Buckley, global capital flows into India will accelerate as long as the Indian government provides a clear policy framework and puts in place measures to lower risks and protect investor confidence. The briefing note highlighted multiple examples of international investment in India’s renewable energy projects, while also noting recent obstacles to India’s renewable ambitions, including a slowdown in the tendering process, grid integration constraints, and issues with excessively aggressive tariff caps on reverse auctions. As a result, during FY2018-19 India failed to capitalise on the momentum built over the previous two years through record low solar and wind tariffs. Only 10.3 GW of renewable generation capacity was added in FY2018-19. Co-author Kashish Shah said the slowdown masks some very positive policy announcements recently which accelerated tendering activity in June 2019, post the general election. “The proposed tariff policy revision and the payment security mechanism enhancements are both significant regulatory reforms, while removing the priority lending limit for the renewable energy sector will accelerate private bank lending to renewable energy infrastructure projects,” Shah added. For global public and private debt and equity capital seeking steady long-term returns, there is a huge investment opportunity in India’s electricity and transportation sectors to support the development of new generating capacity and grid development by 2030. “India wants to meet its renewable targets while showing global leadership in setting a policy framework consistent with the Paris Agreement,” Buckley added.
Karachi: The price of milk has gone out of control across major cities of Pakistan on the day when Muharram is observed, according to Pakistani media reports. The cost of milk has reached Rs 140 per litre in Karachi and the Sindh Province. Interestingly, petrol and diesel prices in Pakistan are lower than that of milk. Petrol was selling Rs 113 per litre, while diesel was Rs 91 per litre in Pakistan, just two days ago. There have been even reports that milk is sold for as high as Rs 140 a litre in some parts of Sindh. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c details”Milk is being sold between Rs 120 and Rs 140 across the city of Karachi due to the sharp increase in demand,” said a shopkeeper. During Moharram, Sabeels (stalls) are set up in different parts of the city to offer milk, juices and cold water to the participants of the holy month’s processions. For this, there is a huge demand for milk. Due to the increased demand, milk prices have shot up. Karachi Commissioner Iftikhar Shallwani, who is responsible for controlling the price of milk, seems to have done nothing about the exorbitant rates at which milk is being sold, according to reports. Ironically, the official price of milk set by the Commissioner Office is still Rs 94 a litre.
PYEONGCHANG, South Korea – Canadian Paralympic star Brian McKeever grew up without a television.But days before the 1988 Winter Games opened in Calgary, his parents took their long-broken TV set in to have it repaired, and the cross-country skier’s Olympic love affair began when Canada marched into the stadium for the opening ceremonies.“You don’t necessarily understand what the Olympics are at the time, but if it’s important enough for mom and dad to get the TV fixed, it must be pretty big,” said McKeever, who was in Grade 3 then. “So we watched the whole Games from opening to closing . . . it’s always a big event, right?”On Friday, the 10-time gold medallist will carry Canada’s flag into the opening ceremonies of the Pyeongchang Olympics, leading a Canadian team 55-athletes strong.“I’m sure it will be (emotional),” McKeever said through a big grin. “Everything about sport is, good and bad. And I think that’s partly why we do this, to experience all the stuff, and so I’m looking forward to seeing what happens out there.”McKeever, who’s never marched in the opening ceremonies in his four previous Paralympics — his racing schedule has been too demanding — posed for photos after Thursday’s announcement at Canada Paralympic House. He draped the Maple Leaf around his shoulders like Superman’s cape, his buffalo plaid baseball hat pulled on backwards.“I’m a proud Canadian, and I’ve been fortunate to represent my country on the field of play out there, through a lifetime of sport that’s brought a lot of riches of experience,” he said. “This is something that you dream about doing, and it’s actually a nervous time. I think I’m more nervous to carry the flag than I am to race.”The 38-year-old visually impaired skier from Canmore, Alta., has owned the top of the Paralympic medal podium, going undefeated in Games competition since 2006.He was poised to make history in 2010 in Vancouver as the world’s first athlete to compete in both the winter Olympics and Paralympics in the same year. But Canada’s Olympic cross-country coaches opted to enter four other skiers in the men’s 50-kilometre race and not McKeever. The pain of being the odd man out, he said, stung for a long time.He did make history as the first Canadian to be named to both a Paralympic and Olympic team in the same year, and a few weeks after the Olympics, he shrugged off his heartbreak by racing to three Paralympic gold medals.Four years later in Sochi, McKeever got tangled up with a Russian skier near the start of the one-kilometre race, but clambered back to his feet and he and guide Graham Nishikawa caught up to win gold.The skier admitted his competitive spirit may show itself when he walks into Pyeongchang Stadium on Friday.“Racer mentality probably means I’ll be catching the teams in front,” he said, with a laugh. “I think there will probably be people there to keep me in place. Which is good… Blind guy will just wander all over.”McKeever competed in cross-country skiing from the age of 13, and raced at the world junior championships in 1998. A year later, at the age of 19, he started to lose his eyesight and was diagnosed with Stargardt’s disease, an inherited condition of macular degeneration that also claimed his father’s vision.The disease has robbed him of his central vision, but he still has 100 per cent peripheral vision — he likes to tell people he can see the donut but not the Timbit.McKeever roared to a pair of gold medals in his Paralympic debut in 2002 in Salt Lake City, and would race to eight more titles over the next three Paralympics, plus a pair of silver medals and two bronze.He’s also racked up 19 world titles, including two in February 2017, over 10 and 20 kilometres.McKeever’s 10 Paralympic golds match the amount earned by wheelchair racer Chantal Petitclerc and swimmers Michael Edgson and Timothy McIsaac.Canada’s chef de mission Todd Nicholson, a retired Paralympic hockey player and the flagbearer in 2006 in Turin, presented McKeever with the Maple Leaf.“In 2006… I can honestly say it’s a moment I will never forget,” Nicholson said. “I remember going into the opening ceremonies and there were 80,000 people screaming and yelling, and I’m really hoping that (McKeever) will experience that just as much as I have.”McKeever’s older brother Robin, who competed at the 1998 Nagano Olympics, then raced as Brian’s guide before becoming the para-Nordic head coach, cheered on his younger brother at the announcement.Also on hand were McKeever’s two guides Nishikawa and Russell Kennedy, who competed for Canada at the Olympics last month, and is new to Paralympic sport.Note to readers: This is a corrected story. A previous version referred to the closing ceremonies, instead of the opening ceremonies of the Paralympics.
Having a conversation with John Bentley Mays, who died suddenly while on a walk with friends in High Park in Toronto last Friday, could be a disorienting experience. First of all, his bald head was unusually large and bulbous, as though made to be chiseled from marble, and his eyes, gazing out from behind glasses with thick black rims, had a fixed, unblinking attentiveness that rarely betrayed where his singular mind was roaming.But despite his seemingly imperious—if not impenetrable—presence, his voice was disarmingly gentle and had a distinctive drawl. Though by the end he had spent more than half his life in Toronto, a city he loved and explored deeply, Bentley Mays never lost the quality of being a southern gentlemen, an enduring trace of a complicated childhood on a crumbling cotton plantation in America’s deep south. “When I first read Faulkner,” he once told me, “I really thought I was reading about my childhood.” LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: Advertisement Twitter Facebook Advertisement
Facebook Advertisement MONTREAL — The Montreal street artist MissMe has sold one of her works, a self-portrait from her series “Portrait of a Vandal,” to Madonna.The singer briefly posted on her Instagram story this week a photo of the six-foot high canvas, which depicts the artist in her trademark Mickey Mouse-eared balaclava, lifting her shirt to expose her naked body.MissMe, who wears a mask to maintain anonymity, is described on her website as “an activist, feminist, and one of the most recognized outlaw artists in North America.” Advertisement Her work, which has appeared on buildings around the world, explores “her own struggles with race, gender, society, and class while uplifting icons of the past,” the site says.Madonna first noticed MissMe’s art on the streets of Lisbon in 2017. When she shared a photo of the Lisbon piece on social media, it began a relationship with the artist.MissMe, who is originally from Switzerland but has lived in Montreal for 18 years, heard that she and Madonna were going to be in Morocco at the same time for photo shoots last summer and that the singer wanted to meet her.“She came to me — I was wearing my mask obviously — and she was like, ‘I’m a great fan, but you know this already,’ ” the artist said in an interview. “I was like, ‘Wow!”‘Madonna asked about making a purchase. “As soon as I had one, I sent it to her,” she said. “She was, like, ‘All right, I love it. I want it.”‘She described her persona on the canvas sold to Madonna as “an angry woman, in a way, you could say, that is pretty head-on and violent. My series is raw, emotionally and visually.”MissMe travels frequently, finding inspiration in new urban settings. The self-described “artful vandal” rarely stays more than a few months in a row in the same city, but considers Montreal her home. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: A piece from the series “Portrait of a Vandal by Montreal artist MissMe is shown in this recent handout photo.Hand Out / The Canadian Press Advertisement Twitter
TOKYO — Toyota Motor Corp. and Panasonic Corp. say they are setting up a joint venture to research, manufacture and sell batteries for ecological autos, an increasingly lucrative sector amid concerns about global warming.The Japanese automaker and the Japanese electronics maker said in a joint statement Tuesday Toyota will take a 51 per cent stake and Panasonic 49 per cent in the joint venture, which is to be running by the end of 2020.Products will be sold to various automakers, they said.The companies have been studying working together on batteries since 2017.Panasonic will transfer equipment, assets and workers from its plants in Japan and China to the joint venture, and 3,500 workers from both companies will be moved to the joint venture.Innovations in batteries are critical for electric vehicles.The Associated Press
Rabat – Morocco’s Ministry of Education, Vocational Training, and Scientific Research has announced the launch of “Tadkik” (audit), an online service devoted to students who will sit for baccalaureate exams in the 2017-2018 school year. The service, which will officially launch on Monday, aims to provide baccalaureate students with a reliable and up-to-date student profile database, reported Maghreb Arab Press (MAP).The ministry statement said that the goal of the service is to avoid any profile errors which could potentially alter candidates personal data and scores.The ministry recommends that all applicants verify their data before collecting invitations to take baccalaureate exams.More information is made available at the moudamadris.com website, a platform dedicated to Moroccan students. The process of verifying a student’s data is done through the examination of applicants’ electronic applications, which contain personal data that has been entered into a school management system and approved electronically.If there is a data error in terms of a student’s data, the candidate must correct the error and submit the application again for correction, signed by the candidates and their guardians within established deadlines.Morocco’s national 2018 baccalaureate examination period will take place June 5-8, according to the ministry.325,191 Moroccan students took baccalaureate exams during the 2016-2017 academic year, according to a statement released by the ministry in June 2017.The graduation rate for the 2017 academic year reached 62.5 percent, compared to 61.72 percent in 2016, said the ministry. Some 49,490 students graduated during the retakes, which were held July 11-13.
“Many disasters would not happen and many lives and livelihoods would be saved if there was greater public awareness of the threats posed by natural hazards such as tsunamis,” Margareta Wahlström, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, said in a statement, welcoming the designation of the day as a “welcome step.” “It will help to focus attention on measures which can be taken to reduce risks from both man-made and natural hazards and to ensure that more people live and work in places which are free from the threat not just of tsunamis but other sudden onset hazards such as earthquakes, floods and storms.”The proposal was first suggested by the Japanese Government after the Third UN Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai in March this year. Japan has suffered heavy losses as a result of tsunamis, most recently the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 11 March 2011, which claimed over 15,000 lives, disrupted the nuclear power industry and left many thousands homeless.“It should be remembered that the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami which claimed some 230,000 lives from countries across the world galvanised political commitment to reducing disaster risk and disaster losses,” Ms. Wahlström added.“The memory of that event helped to ensure the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction this year which sets targets for the first time on reducing mortality, the numbers of people affected, economic losses and damage to critical infrastructure from disasters.”
Jean-Pierre Lacroix, Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations, who described the high-level visit as an opportunity to reiterate support for efforts towards peace and stability in the country, joined Mr. Guterres on the trip. He declared that the entire United Nations system, including the UN Mission in DRC, MONUSCO, is fully committed to ending the Ebola epidemic.Civilians in DRC are also dealing with the deadly effects of other diseases, such as measles and malaria, which both claim more victims than Ebola, reminded Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO). Mr. Tedros, part of the official UN delegation, said that this is why investments in a health system based on primary health care are so important, to address all health needs in a comprehensive way.Speaking in French to local media on Saturday, Mr. Guterres expressed his admiration for the resilience of the citizens of DR Congo, and underlined the solidarity of the United Nations in the fight against terrorism, not only in Congo, but across the whole continent of Africa, and the entire world. Mr. Guterres arrived in the town of Goma, situated in the North Kivu region of the country which is at the centre of the epidemic, on Saturday. There, he was received by Leila Zerrougui, his special representative in the country, and inspected a contingent of UN peacekeepers. The UN chief thanked them for their service and sacrifice, and for putting their lives at risk, in often dangerous conditions, to protect civilians.I’m very proud of the work of our UN peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo – putting their own lives at risk in often dangerous conditions to protect civilians. I thank them for their service & sacrifice. pic.twitter.com/2MoY5gUuJ4— António Guterres (@antonioguterres) August 31, 2019 UN/Matine PerretSecretary-General António Guterres briefing by MONUSCO leadership with SRSG Leila Zerrougui (Right) and USG Jean-Pierre Lacroix (left) and leadershipTurning to the “terrible situation” of Ebola, and other major health concerns such as measles, malaria, and cholera, the UN chief promised that the UN stands “side-by-side with the Congolese authorities and the people of the country, in order to do our best to meet all of these challenges.”During his visit, his first since taking up office as the head of the UN in January 2017, Mr. Guterres will meet senior government officials, actors in the DRC peace process, and the civilian, police and military members of the UN Mission in the country.Other senior UN officials joining the Secretary-General include Huang Xia, UN Special Envoy for the Great Lakes; Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa; Mike Ryan, Executive-Director of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme; and Ibrahima Socé Fall, WHO Assistant Director-General of Emergency Response.
Mrs Jukes and All Call Signs want the Government to make coroners record the numbers of veterans who kill themselves to monitor the scale of the problem.A Department of Health spokeswoman said since 2010 the Government had provided an extra £22.5 million to treat mental and physical health needs of veterans, with an extra £9 million injected for early treatment. Dave Jukes, who killed himself after suffering years of PTSDCredit:Andrew Fox Campaigners claim some soldiers who served in British campaign in the Middle East are suffering PTSD as veteransCredit:MAR SOBHANI/Reuters When Mrs Dukes followed up that email because her husband was clearly suicidal she was advised by the unit to call 111, an NHS line for non-threatening emergencies.A spokeswoman for Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership Trust which runs the TILS service assigned to Mr Jukes said it will “investigate all of the circumstances surrounding his death.”While Mr Jukes accepts her husband was “very difficult” for medics, police, and veterans’ associations to cope with, his problems stemmed from feelings of guilt and memories from his service.“He told me he felt guilty about what he had done, what he had seen and what haunted him. When ill he was not the man I married eight years ago,” she added. Dave and Jo Jukes on their wedding dayCredit:Andrew Fox His wife, Jo Jukes, 47, has written to Jackie Doyle-Price, the new suicide prevention minister, urging her to address the failings in mental health services for veterans.Speaking to the Sunday Telegraph, she said: “My husband was asked to serve his country but was then abandoned and repeatedly let down by mental health agencies. How many times does someone need to ask to be sectioned before something is done?“I don’t think the NHS understands the symptoms of combat PTSD, which can result in them appearing resistant to treatment, at times due to their ingrained military persona which can appear aggressive and erratic.”Her letter catalogues how she and her two daughters struggled to cope with a “Jekyll and Hyde” character suffering nightmares, paranoid episodes and who could be potentially violent or withdrawn.She wrote “it is absurd that we as a society can create killers and then dump them without the correct support.” Jo and Dave Jukes were married for eight years before his death in October 2018Credit: Andrew Fox Jackie Doyle-Price who has been appointed the world’s first Minister for Suicide Prevention in a bid to cut the number of people taking their own livesCredit:PA/Conservative Party Stephen James, of All Call Signs which helps veterans experiencing mental issues, said they were dealing with similar cases “time and time again”.“We are fearful of further loss of life. The mental health services available to veterans are so fragmented and difficult to navigate that it’s almost impossible to know where to turn in a crisis.“Until the government takes responsibility and provides a single point of contact for veterans seeking help, we’re going to keep losing our nation’s heroes to hidden wounds.” Listing her repeated failed attempts to get him sectioned, she adds: “All such failures have directly led to David ending his life in abject despair which has now destroyed a family.”She warned how the mental health “crisis” facing veterans was out of control, adding: “It is the prime responsibility of the Government to get its act together and get a grip on this and lead from the front.”The Sunday Telegraph can reveal that three weeks before his suicide, Mr Jukes, who joined the Army in 1991, wrote to the NHS’s Veterans’ Mental Health Transition, Intervention and Liaison Service (TILS) saying: “I seem to be getting worse and it’s starting to worry me… I think I need to be put away for a time before I lose it and do something I don’t mean to.“And it will give the ones I love a break… I’ve never had to fight myself this much before and it’s hurting me. All I want to do is never wake up and let them be happy.” The widow of a military veteran who killed himself after suffering from PTSD has written to the Government demanding it tackle the “growing mental health crisis” among former servicemen and women.Dave Jukes had battled for years with acute depression triggered by service in Afghanistan, Iraq and Bosnia.Despite the former lance corporal writing to specialist NHS veterans’ mental health services last month warning he was “getting worse” and needed “to be put away” or he would kill himself he was never sectioned. He killed himself three weeks later at his Birmingham home on October 9.The 49-year-old former infantryman is believed to be the 48th former or serving serviceman or woman to take their own lives this year. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Emergency services were called to the Essex seaside after reports of people coughing and struggling to breathe.Hundreds of families were enjoying the sun in the seaside town of Frinton in Essex on Sunday, when a large number of people began to have trouble breathing.Essex Police said they were investigating, but that the cause remained unknown and the force advised people not to enter the water.Emergency services, including the ambulance and fire service, attended the scene at the seafront off Fourth Avenue shortly after 2pm.Despite speculation of a fuel spill from a ship, the Maritime and Coastguard Agency, which sent a counter surveillance pollution aircraft to the scene, said no evidence of this had been found. A couple of officials in a dinghy warn people to get out of the water at the sea in Frinton, Essex, as emergency services received several reports of people coughing and struggling to breathe. Credit:Mark Wray/PA A mother on a family day out at the busy beach described how one of her twin daughters was left “gasping” for breath.Miriam Lansdell said: “My daughter started coughing. She said ‘I don’t feel good. It hurts to breathe in’. My other daughter was gasping and couldn’t form words because she couldn’t breathe well enough.”The 45-year-old mental health worker from Derbyshire, who was visiting her parents in Essex for the bank holiday weekend, said she also had difficulty breathing as she lay on the sand drying off after a dip in the water. “The Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) has not received any reports of pollution being spilled in the area from vessels.”The MCA’s counter pollution surveillance aircraft has flown over the area this afternoon to undertake an aerial survey and no fuel pollution has been reported by this flight.”Earlier this month a hazardous material left several people on Worthing seafront complaining of sore eyes and vomiting, and two requiring hospital treatment.The coastguard said a passing cargo ship might have been the cause.An investigation was launched in August 2017 when a chemical haze in Eastbourne left 150 people needing hospital treatment for sore eyes and breathing problems.The most likely cause of that incident was believed to have been fumes from a ship illegally flushing its tanks with chemicals. She said they all began to breathe more easily when they moved further away from the beach, but took the 10-year-old girls to a walk-in clinic to be checked over by medical staff.She added: “It’s not what you expect when you go for a day out to the beach.”Training manager, Mark Wray, who was at the beach with his wife, said he had noticed a few children coughing as they came out of the sea, but assumed they had swallowed some water.He said officials later began patrolling the beach and starting to tape off some areas, before “a procession of emergency vehicles, including ambulances, fire appliances, police cars and other unmarked vehicles with blue flashing lights started heading towards the scene”.He said the beach was “packed with hundreds of families enjoying the record-breaking temperatures”.Essex Police said that while the cause was investigated, people were advised not to go into the sea.East of England Ambulance Service said people should wash themselves down if they were in the water, change their clothes and drink fresh water.Anyone with further concerns is advised to call the NHS on 111.A spokeswoman for the Maritime and Coastguard Agency said: “At around 2.30pm on Sunday afternoon, HM Coastguard received reports of beach swimmers suffering from a possible respiratory irritant causing people to cough at Frinton and Walton-on-the-Naze on the Essex coast.
% Change 2008 2009 2010 2011 10/09 11/10 Al 2,571 1,668 2,148 2,400 28.8% 11.7%Cu 6,952 5,164 7,230 8,300 40.0% 14.8%Ni 21,029 14,700 20,994 23,000 42.8% 9.6%Pb 2,085 1,726 2,041 2,250 18.3% 10.2%Sn 18,499 13,593 18,250 19,750 32.4% 8.2%Zn 1,870 1,659 2,114 2,500 27.4% 18.3% When Natixis Commodity Market (NCM) released its previous quarterly report, two key concerns were dominating the base metals market; the escalating sovereign debt crisis in Europe and uncertainty regarding the impact of the measures by Chinese authorities to curb excessive credit creation, which put substantial downward pressure on base metal prices during the second quarter. However, much of the bad news seems now to have been priced into the market, with prices trending higher in July from the depressed levels of early June. NCM retains its positive stance towards prospects for the base metals sector.The recovery in demand in western economies has to be viewed in the context of the exceptionally weak post Lehman environment, but nevertheless a sharper than expected rebound has been experienced in many countries. This reflects three main factors – fiscal and monetary stimuli, strong growth in developing countries and increased capital spending in mature economies by a strengthening corporate sector, which has in turn encouraged restocking. The first of these factors will progressively diminish as the second half of the year unfolds. Even without fiscal stimuli, an ultra-low interest rate environment should help to sustain the recovery in the US.In 2009, the only developing country that mattered was China. In 2010, the developing country growth story has broadened to the other BRICs and countries such as Indonesia and Turkey.The global automobile sector illustrates this situation very clearly. Despite lacklustre growth in developed countries once scrappage schemes had been terminated, global car production rose to new historic highs thanks to the exceptionally rapid growth in demand from consumers in developing countries. China is not the only expanding market. Russian, Indian and Indonesian sales in June were up 47%, 22%, and 78% respectively, year-on-year.The desire of the Chinese government to rein in some of the excesses of its recent incredible growth seems to be taking effect. Industrial production and fixed asset investment have both slowed in recent months. Specifically for the base metals, destocking (the reverse of the situation in the West) has led to slower growth in demand, certainly when compared to the period of rapid restocking during the first half of 2009.Chinese production of non-ferrous metals and steel registered sharp gains during the first half of 2010. Gains were generally over 20%, with the increase for aluminium closer to 50% despite repeated efforts by the central government to curb output. The authorities are now embarking on a more assertive set of policies that are intended to promote overall energy efficiency by curbing this energy-intensive sector, with particular focus on smaller, older, inefficient and polluting producers, as well as deterring production of energy-intensive basic industrial goods destined for immediate re-export.The supply position outside China is more straightforward. At one extreme we have primary aluminium, with the market having to absorb significant capacity increases from the Middle East, India and Iceland, while at the other extreme we have the structural tightness that is emerging in the copper and tin markets. There are nevertheless other supply issues which could support the market – political and economic risk (notably in the African Copperbelt) and environmental risk (such as La Oroya, and a myriad of operations in China) and strike risk along the lines of the extended dispute at Vale’s nickel operations in Canada.Aluminium; NCM’s supply-demand analysis sees the market surplus declining this year before drifting towards broad balance in 2011. Given that these projections are well below consensus, NCM takes a positive view on prices despite the remaining potential for over-supply. Long term financing deals, which could remain a feature of the market in the current low interest rate environment, mean that 70-80% of metal at exchange warehouses remains unavailable for immediate delivery. IAI and LME stocks are slowly starting to trend lower, suggesting that the global supply/demand imbalance is becoming less extreme. NCM forecast prices to average $2,148/t this year followed by $2,400/t in 2011.Copper; NCM expect refined production to increase by 4.4% year-on-year, to exceed demand by 150,000 t, which would see the surplus being just one fifth of last year’s figure. In 2011, NCM anticipates that consumption will finally catch up with supply, culminating in the first annual deficit since 2007 of around 65,000 t.The gradual improvement of the copper market is driven primarily by the tightness at the concentrate stage. Natixis Commodity Markets expects more price substantial gains to be achieved later in the year as the picture for 2011 becomes clearer, which should boost the annual average to $7,230/t, followed by $8,300/t in 2011.Lead; Importantly for the lead market, the inventory accumulation in this cycle remains relatively small, with LME and Chinese stocks representing less than three weeks of consumption, which is amongst the lowest of the base metals. NCM’s analysis still points to a small surplus of just under 100,000 t, but NCM envisage a return to deficit of around 100,000 t in 2011. In terms of prices, this scenario should support a second half average of $2,050/t, which in turn implies an average for this year of $2,041/t. A return to deficit in 2011 should allow average prices to reach $2,250/t.Nickel; In terms of price projections, NCM have scaled back our forecasts following the correction from the early second quarter high of over $27,500/t. However, NCM remain fairly optimistic in that further downside potential is limited as the ongoing market deficit progressively erodes stocks. The company projects an average annual price of $20,994/t in 2010. NCM forecast another deficit in 2011. However, the potential for higher Chinese nickel pig iron production may cap the average price next year at $23,000/t.Tin; The speed and extent of the supply side recovery has been restricted by the ongoing problems faced by Indonesian smelters, which look set to continue. When combined with a continued demand side recovery, NCM expect the tin market to record a 4,000 t deficit over 2010 that should support an average price of $18,250/t. If supply growth remains limited next year, the deficit should widen to around 11,000 t, helping to push average prices to $19,750/t.Zinc; The increase in output in both China and Europe means that the surplus this year should be around 300,000 t in 2010. Given solid Chinese demand growth, and with prices close to production costs, downside potential is limited. NCM forecast a full year average of $2,114/t.The company forecast the market to move to a 109,000 t deficit in 2011 thanks to the eventual recovery of the construction sector in developed economies, after three years of extreme contraction. In addition, NCM expect global zinc production growth to slow to 3.5%, in part affected by the closure of the huge Brunswick mine, which will restrict concentrate availability over the second half of 2011, and which should allow an average price of $2,500/t.Base metal price outlook 2008 to 2011
152 Comments Wildfires in Haifa, Israel. Image: Ariel Schalit/PA Wildfires in Haifa, Israel. Wildfire in Haifa, Israel, Thursday, 24 November. Source: Ariel Schalit/PASkyscrapersYael Hame, a Haifa resident who fled her house, said it was “very frightening”.The fire was up over the skyscrapers. It came up to 20 stories high.Hame said she thought the fires were “much more dangerous” than a blaze in 2010 in Haifa that killed 44 people – the deadliest in Israeli history.Around 65 people have been hospitalised with mild injuries, according to the Magen David Adom medical service.A number of residents remained stuck in their homes, a fire service spokesman said.Fires also raged in two areas on the outskirts of Jerusalem as well as near the Jewish settlement of Talmon in the occupied West Bank, police said. Netanyahu said there were 15 fire sites in total.A number of countries made immediate pledges of support, including planes. Haifa wildfires. Source: Ariel Schalit/PAArson suspectedSpeculation in Israel quickly turned to the source of the fires.Noah Wolfson, head of the Meteo-Tech meteorology website, said the dry autumn and strong winds meant conditions were perfect for fires to spread – whether sparked by accident or on purpose.He said:The extreme dryness – relative humidity below 10% – coupled with very strong winds, enhance and encourage any small fire to expand and be horrendous.The forecast for coming days was not optimistic, he added, with winds due to slow somewhat but no rain expected until early next week.Erdan told a press conference up to half of the recent fires had been started deliberately, labelling it “arson terror”.“It is clear that many fires started as deliberate arson,” he said.Education Minister Naftali Bennett of the far-right Jewish Home party appeared to blame the alleged arson on members of the Arab minority.Netanyahu, speaking near the scene of the fires, said authorities had noticed “encouragement to arson” on social media.“Every fire caused by arson or incitement to arson is terror and will be treated as such,” he told reporters.Ayman Odeh, the head of the Arab block in the Israeli parliament, said in a statement the immediate accusations amounted to “incitement” against Arabs.He pointed out that many of the fires had disproportionately affected Arab areas, including in Haifa where he is from.We have lived in this country for hundreds and thousands of years and not burned it.Odeh’s party said in a separate statement that thousands of Arab families were ready to accept those who fled the fires, regardless of their religion.Thick smokeThe extent of the damage will be assessed in the coming days, but for much of the day areas in southern Haifa were engulfed in smoke, the air thick with ash carried by the strong dry winds, an AFP correspondent at the scene said.Planes dropping water and powder swooped over every few minutes, dousing the area in an attempt to manage the flames.Some residents tried to use their personal hoses to douse their homes, while others packed a few prized possessions into shopping trolleys and rushed to safety.Dozens of soldiers, police, medics and firefighters were huddled in an impromptu command centre in a nearby parking lot.The emergency prompted a growing list of countries including Greece, Russia and Turkey to send firefighting aircraft.The 2010 fire required the assistance of planes and personnel from more than 16 countries to put out.- © AFP, 2016 Nov 25th 2016, 9:16 AM Israel warns of ‘arson terror’ link to bushfires, as 60,000 flee northern city of Haifa Ministers have pointed a finger at the country’s Arab minority, sparking uproar. Share12 Tweet Email http://jrnl.ie/3101764 8,930 Views Friday 25 Nov 2016, 9:16 AM Short URL TENS OF THOUSANDS of Israelis had fled raging bushfires in the northern city of Haifa, with prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu warning that any proof of arson would be treated as “terror”.Internal Security Minister Gilad Erdan said up to half of a spate of fires had been “arson terror”, while another minister appeared to point a finger at the country’s Arab minority — drawing fierce rebukes from Arab Israeli leaders.Some residents were trapped in their homes as the army called up reservists to support firefighters struggling to cope with a third day of blazes.Haifa mayor Yona Yahav told journalists 60,000 of the city’s roughly 250,000 residents had been evacuated, calling the scale “unprecedented”.Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said residents in eight Haifa neighbourhoods had been told to leave due to six separate fires.Residents spoke of a desperate rush to evacuate the elderly.“The fire is out of control and is spreading from one house to the other,” the rescue services chief in the Carmel neighbourhood, Naftali Rottenberg, told public radio.Sometimes we are taking residents out against their will. Image: Ariel Schalit/PA Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article By AFP
WILMINGTON, MA — Below are some of the newest job openings in Wilmington:Part-Time Girls Freshman Volleyball Coach at Wilmington High SchoolFull-Time Reading Specialist (Long-Term Substitute) at Wilmington Middle SchoolFull-Time Special Education Teacher (Long-Term Substitute) at Wilmington Middle SchoolFull-Time Technology Education/STEM Teacher (Long-Term Substitute) at Wilmington Middle SchoolFull-Time Marketing Operations Specialist at SOVOS ComplinaceFull-Time Marketing Operations Manager at SOVOS ComplianceFull-Time Deployment Specialist at Locus RoboticsFull-Time Product Marketing Manager at Locus RoboticsFull-Time Solar Outreach Representative at TSEFull-Time Direct Solar Sales Consultant at TSE(NOTE: Wilmington businesses — Feel free to send me your job postings at firstname.lastname@example.org.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedNOW HIRING: 10 Job Openings In WilmingtonIn “Business”NOW HIRING: 10 New Job Openings In WilmingtonIn “Business”NOW HIRING: 60 New Job Openings In Wilmington (Week of July 21, 2019)In “Business”
Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Thank You To Our Sponsor:Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedHOT OFF THE PRESS: Read Wilmington Library’s Fall Adult Events BrochureIn “Community”Wilmington Library’s Touch-A-Truck Program Rescheduled To Monday, June 24In “Community”HOT OFF THE PRESS: Read Wilmington Library’s Fall Youth Events BrochureIn “Community” WILMINGTON, MA — Poet, former computer engineer, and photographer Xiaoly Li has her photographs on display in the Wilmington Memorial Library’s Community Room through the end of December. Stop in to see her beautiful work!Click on each image for a larger view.
Ongole: The members of the Indian Medical Association (IMA), government and private doctors and junior doctors protested against the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill at Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences and organised a rally from the RIMS to Collectorate as they announced one-day strike on Thursday. The Students Federation of India and the Democratic Youth Federation of India extended their support to the agitating doctors and also participated in the protest and rally. Also Read – DGP Gautam Sawang warns over objectional posts on social media Advertise With Us The IMA leaders explained that the Medical Council of India was established in 1956 as an authority to provide the best medical education and medical services to the public in the country, but the NMC bill passed in the Lok Sabha to replace MCI. They said that the government has passed the NMC bill, giving an opportunity to the nominated bureaucrats and politicians to make decisions about the medical field. They also said that the medical students are also at the losing end as the government cancelled NEET to introduce NEXT but didn’t give any guidelines, in the name of reforms. They said that the NMC will reduce the government hospitals and increase the private and corporate medical colleges and hospitals in the country. The doctors condemned the attacks of the police on peacefully protesting doctors at various places in the state and demanded that the government initiate action on the officers who wontedly trying to disturb the cooperative atmosphere.
An opened Samsung HD753LJ hard disk drive. Researchers predict that, in 2020, hard disk drives will likely be less expensive on a cost per terabyte basis than any of the competing technologies. Image credit: Christian Jansky. (PhysOrg.com) — The ability to store and retrieve data is an important component of today’s computers, as well as other modern electronic devices such as cell phones, video game consoles, and camcorders. Since their invention in the 1950s, magnetic-based hard disk drives (HDDs) have been the primary method of nonvolatile storage. However, researchers are currently developing several new and promising nonvolatile memory (NVM) technologies, but for one of them to replace HDDs within the next decade, it will be a challenge. According to a new study, if HDDs continue to progress at their current pace, then in 2020 a two-disk, 2.5-inch disk drive will be capable of storing more than 14 TB and will cost about $40 (today, a typical 500 GB hard drive costs about $100). Although flash memories have also become popular – with advantages such as lower power consumption, faster read access time, and better mechanical reliability than HDDs – the cost per GB for flash memories is nearly 10 times that of HDDs. In addition, flash memory technology will reach technical limits that will prevent its continued scaling before 2020, keeping them from replacing HDDs.In a study published in a recent issue of IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Professor Mark Kryder and PhD student Chang Soo Kim of Carnegie Mellon University have investigated 13 up-and-coming NVM technologies to see whether one of them might outperform HDDs on a cost-per-TB basis in 2020. Their results showed that most technologies will probably not be competitive with HDDs or flash memories at that time, except for two potential candidates: phase change random access memory (PCRAM) and spin transfer torque random access memory (STTRAM).As Kryder and Kim explained, PCRAM is based on the phase change properties of chalcogenide glass. With the application of heat, the glass can switch between two different states (amorphous and crystalline) to be used as a memory. With their small cell size and ability to store multiple bits per cell, PCRAMs have the potential to offer high densities and be cost-competitive with HDDs, but their biggest drawback is that they require somewhat higher power than most other technologies. PCRAMs are already beginning to be marketed by Numonyx Inc., an Intel-ST Microelectronics joint venture, and so are closer to practical realization than STTRAM.STTRAM, which is similar to magnetic RAM, uses a spin polarized current to write data by reorienting the states of a magnetic tunnel junction between parallel and anti-parallel orientations. In their evaluation, Kryder and Kim found that STTRAMs appear to potentially offer superior power efficiency, among other advantages. If STTRAMs could be improved to store multiple bits per cell, the researchers predict that STTRAMs’ density could make them candidates for replacing flash memory and possibly HDDs. Citation: What Comes After Hard Drives? (2009, October 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-10-hard_1.html Explore further “We were surprised to find that the study indicated that, even in 2020, hard drives were likely to be considerably less expensive on a cost per terabyte basis than any of the competing technologies,” Kryder told PhysOrg.com. “It was also somewhat surprising to find that the technical potential of a technology was not necessarily well-correlated with where the industry was investing the most dollars; rather, industrial firms are tending to invest where they have the most know-how. This is not necessarily the wisest decision, but is quite understandable.”The other NVM technologies that Kryder and Kim evaluated were ferroelectric RAM, magnetic RAM, carbon nanotube RAM, probe memory, holographic memory, copper bridge RAM, resistive RAM, racetrack memory, single electron memory, molecular memory, and polymer memory. Although these technologies offer potential, each of them still faces significant performance challenges over the next decade. Holographic memory, for example, offers high density and is inexpensive, but it currently only offers “write once, read many times” (WORM) functionality, and with its 50-year storage lifetime it may be better suited to the archival market. The researchers also pointed out the intriguing concept behind single electron memory, where information could be stored in something as small as a single electron, but they predicted that this technology likely won’t be practical until beyond 2020.Kryder, who has previously been CTO for Seagate Technology, the world’s largest hard drive maker, explained that he had been continually asked to review new technologies that were often touted as potentially replacing hard drives. “Feedback from industrial associates has indicated that having a structured set of criteria to evaluate technologies was very useful and that the study has helped them to prioritize the technologies that they look at,” he said. “This study allowed us to identify the most promising technologies on which to work, and we are now attempting develop multi-level cell STTRAM.”More information: Mark H. Kryder and Chang Soo Kim. “After Hard Drives – What Comes Next?” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 45, No. 10, October 2009.Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. 16 Gb Samsung’s Flash Solid State Disk to Replace Hard Drives This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Images of regions of interest (colored lines) in the white matter skeleton representation. Data from left and right anterior thalamic radiation (ATR) were averaged. Image courtesy of C. Bouziane et al. October 11, 2013 — High levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) have been linked to increased breast cancer risks and enhanced cancer aggressiveness in animal experiments.A team of researchers led by Philippe Frank, Ph.D., a cancer biologist in the department of biochemistry and molecular biology, Thomas Jefferson University, has shown that an HDL receptor found on breast cancer cells may be responsible for this effect, proposing a new molecular target that could help treat the disease.”If we can block the activity of the HDL receptor in breast cancer, we may be able to limit the harmful effects of HDL while maintaining levels that are beneficial for blood vessels,” said Frank.The work was published in the journal Breast Cancer Research.To study the effect of HDL on cancer cells at the molecular level, Frank and colleagues exposed breast cancer cell lines to HDL and noticed that signaling pathways involved in cancer progression were activated, and that the cells began to migrate in an experimental model mimicking metastasis.The researchers then limited the expression of the HDL receptor SR-BI in the cells using silencing ribonucleic acid (RNA) to reduce the receptor’s levels. This reduced the activities of the signaling pathways that promote tumor progression. In addition, cells with fewer SR-BI receptors displayed reduced proliferation rates and migratory abilities than cells with normal SR-BI levels. Most importantly, reduced SR-BI levels were associated with reduced tumor formation in a mouse model of tumorigenesis. The researchers then blocked the SR-BI receptor in a breast cancer cell line with a drug called BLT-1 and noticed reduced proliferation and signaling via proteins linked to tumor formation.This study supports the idea that HDL plays a role in the development of aggressive breast cancers and that inhibiting its function via SR-BI in breast cancer cells may stall cancer growth.Additional studies will be needed to develop more specific drugs to inhibit SR-BI. “Also, we need to understand what levels of cholesterol are required by the tumor before trying to reduce or modify lipid levels in cancer patients,” said Frank. “We hope this study will lead to the development of new drugs targeting SR-BI or cholesterol metabolism and eventually preventing tumor progression.”For more information: www.jefferson.edu, www.breast-cancer-research.com FacebookTwitterLinkedInPrint分享 News | Cardiovascular Ultrasound | August 07, 2019 Contrast Use in First Transthoracic Echocardiogram for Heart Failure Reduces Repeat Testing Heart failure is the fourth most common cause for all admission to U.S. hospitals, and it is the most common reason for… read more News | Pediatric Imaging | August 14, 2019 Ultrasound Guidance Improves First-attempt Success in IV Access in Children August 14, 2019 – Children’s veins read more News | Mammography | August 14, 2019 Imago Systems Announces Collaboration With Mayo Clinic for Breast Imaging Image visualization company Imago Systems announced it has signed a know-how license with Mayo Clinic. 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The vital role family plays in society Get a lawn your neighbor will be jealous of New high school in Mesa lets students pick career paths 0 Comments Share (AP) – Chinese visitors to the U.S. have increased in recent years. Here’s a look at the numbers:_ 2004: 203,000 visitors_ 2005: 270,000_ 2006: 320,000_ 2007: 397,000_ 2008: 493,000_ 2009: 525,000_ 2010: 802,000_ 2011: 1.09 millionChina has also catapulted into the top 10 list for countries with the most visitors to the U.S. The top 10 in 2011:1. Canada: 21.03 million visitors2. Mexico: 13.41 million New Year’s resolution: don’t spend another year in a kitchen you don’t like 3. United Kingdom 3.84 million4. Japan: 3.25 million5. Germany: 1.82 million6. Brazil: 1.51 million7. France: 1.5 million8. South Korea: 1.15 million9. China: 1.09 million10. Australia: 1.04 million_ Top 10 countries visiting the U.S. in 2010:1. Canada: 19.96 million2. Mexico: 13.47 million3. United Kingdom: 3.85 million4. Japan: 3.39 million5. Germany: 1.73 million6. France: 1.34 million7. Brazil: 1.2 million8. South Korea: 1.11 million9. Australia: 904,00010. Italy: 838,000___Source: U.S. Department of Commerce(Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.) Think Tank analyzes the second round of Democratic debates Sponsored Stories Meghan McCain to release audiobook on conservatism, family Top Stories More Valley freeways to be closed this weekend for improvements
Our ANZAC history of Gallipoli has provided many Australians with insight into other battles valiantly fought during The Great War (1914-1918), including Flanders Fields and Ypres in Belgium, so when TravelManagers’ personal travel manager (PTM) Cheryl John, representative for Modbury Heights in South Australia, was invited to join an exclusive tour of the region that coincided with the 100-year anniversary of the Battle of Polygon Wood, she was thrilled to accept. “This trip has also shown me the aftermath of what was a devastating time in history, with very direct connections to Australia and many of my clients,” said John, who last visited Brussels, Bruges and Ghent 35 years ago, and had never visited the Flanders Fields area.Over the course of the seven-day famil, she also discovered that although the legacy of the First World War is evident throughout Belgium, this small country has a lot more to offer.The famil was co-ordinated by The Walshe Group for their client ‘2014-2018 Flanders Fields’, and was put together for specialist tour operators, as well as a representative of News Limited. John was one of just two retail representatives invited to join the famil. “This is a very unique famil, not usually offered to retail travel consultants,” TravelManagers Executive General Manager Michael Gazal said. “Cheryl was included because her business has been built around her expertise in creating tailor-made itineraries. This is made possible by our unique, personal travel manager business model, which allows individuals to focus on areas that best suit their interests and ambitions.”Among the highlights of John’s three days in and around the Flanders region were visits to Hill 60, where Australian miners tunnelled under the hill to lay explosives (the effects of which were felt as far afield as Paris and London) and to Toronto Avenue cemetery – the only all-Australian cemetery in Flanders. “You have to want to visit this spot as it’s not on the major roads and is reached via a walk through beautiful forest,” she said. “It is a peaceful and beautiful place, and I managed to find the grave of a soldier from Port Augusta on which to place my flag of remembrance.”The group also took in the nearby Christmas Truce Memorial, which marks the famous site where troops from both sides famously held their ceasefire for Christmas in 1914. John describes it as “a spark of light in an otherwise dismal history where humanity and faith was shared for one night.”The following day, the group attended the Australian Dawn Service, which was held to commemorate 100 years since The Battle of Polygon Wood. “It was worth the 1 am start to take part in the remembrance walk: a kilometre of information signs, recreations of dressing stations and cook tents, with battle lines demarcated by red and blue lights,” said John. “The service was very moving: for me, one of the most spine-tingling moments was to hear a didgeridoo filling the cemetery with evocative sounds of Australia, half a world away, symbolically bringing the soldiers home.”Visiting the Zonnebeke Church Dugout, an original Allied Dugout which was reopened for four months in 2017 to commemorate the centenary of Passchendaele.After the service, and a breakfast that was attended by Her Highness Princess Astrid of Belgium and Governor General Sir Peter Cosgrove and his wife, the group went to Vladslo Cemetery, which is one of a few German cemeteries in the region. “As someone who used to teach a unit on World War I in my previous career as an English teacher, to see the place where the 1914 Christmas truce took place was amazing, and to see the German cemetery at Vladslo as well as all the Commonwealth countries cemeteries was a stark reminder war is hell for both sides.”The group also visited Essex Farm cemetery, a largely British cemetery which features the remains of the dressing station where John McRae, a Canadian doctor, worked and where he wrote the famous poem, “In Flanders Fields”, which has since become one of the most recognised poems of WWI. There are 600 cemeteries in Flanders, both Allied and German, and although these form an important part of any visit to the region, Belgium offers plenty of other highlights as well. John says foodies will find themselves well looked after, with a wide range of beers and the fabulous chocolates, waffles and pastries for which Belgium is renowned. One of her dining highlights was aboard a boat in Diksmuide, a pretty place with an interesting history, about a twenty-minute drive from Ypres.“The restaurant is called Water and Vuur (“Water and Fire”), and is a one-man operation,” John explains. “He waited table, took orders and did all the cooking. All the food came out at once, hot and freshly-prepared. An art exhibition at the restaurant provided me with the image that will remain most with me, of a child playing in a ploughed field with the shadow of a cross alongside him.”John says it was a wonderful experience to visit Belgium, which, for such a small country, has much to offer. “I would love to return to Belgium, as I’m eager to see Antwerp and other places in this compact and lovely country. The architecture has been preserved by recreating the towns as they once were before war destroyed them, and the local food was very enjoyable. “But what I will most remember was the time spent in the fields of Flanders, which are now peaceful and prosperous, green and beautiful: for me, ANZAC and Remembrance Days will never be the same again.” TOP IMAGE: Personal travel manager, Cheryl John (first left), and other famil participants after dawn service to commemorate 100th anniversary of Battle of Passchendaele at Polygon Wood. battlefieldsBelgiumFamilsTravelManagers