Nautilus, a new science, philosophy and culture fusion publication that launched this week, is breaking all of the traditional publishing rules around content, distribution and sales.“Every month we’ll take a single science topic and explore it from multiple disciplines, both within and outside of the sciences,” says John Steele, publisher of Nautilus. “Our first one is human uniqueness, so we’re exploring it from different scientific disciplines, as well as from the point of view of philosophy, psychology, sociology and theology.” In addition to exploring a single monthly topic through multiple disciplines, the new brand is exploring multiple content formats, including long-form essays, shorter articles, interviews, interactive data pieces and fiction stories—all with the idea of providing a variety of access points into that topic. Steele says the magazine will be rolled out in print on a quarterly basis beginning in September with an initial run of 5,000. In the meantime, every month a new topic area will be introduced online, with a new topic “chapter” uploaded every Thursday—a chapter takes a deeper dive into the month’s topic, exploring it through the multidisciplinary eye of humanities. With the launch, the full issue is available on the magazine’s website, Nautil.us, instead of being rolled out slowly every Thursday. The publisher is also working to expand the brand’s presence, making it available on as many channels as possible.“The idea is to make it available everywhere—we’re in the process of getting approved at the iTunes store, and we’ll try to sell articles with Amazon Kindle Singles to try and spread the content as far and wide as we can,” he says. The business model for Nautilus is evolving. Right now, online content will be made available for free, and the publisher is working to bring in paid advertisers to the print magazine and website, and will be monetizing additional content that is available through both physical and digital newsstands. Nautilus was launched with financial support from a John Templeton Foundation grant, and some banner ads from educational institutions, like Santa Fe University, are already online. The magazine currently has a staff of 12 and pulled from different corners of the industry—when Discover magazine announced it would move to Wisconsin from New York, for example, two displaced editors joined on with Nautilus, as did a journalist from Nature Nanotechnology.“In traditional media, the Internet was always used as a marketing tool for the print product and we’re trying to reverse engineer that,” adds Steele. “We’re primarily online because it gives us an opportunity to utilize all of the tools the Internet has to offer, but we do want to have print because it’s a great marketing tool—people love to have a print magazine.”Stay updated on the latest FOLIO: news, follow us on Facebook & Twitter!
Pete Kaiser with his lead dog Palmer, who helped him to four K300 race victories.(PImage credit Krysti Shallenberger / KYUK)If Ron Kaiser had one thing to say to his son, Pete, after a sled dog race, it’s this: Pete could have run a little faster.“During the racing, this conservative style, hanging back, Ron would always be, ‘why don’t you go out a little faster,” recalled Janet Kaiser. Ron described it as “armchair mushing.”Next door to their home is Pete Kaiser’s dog-yard, which used to belong to his father.This is a big year for Pete. Besides aiming for his fifth K300 trophy, Pete plans to run two teams in the Iditarod this year. His handler, Niklas Wikstrand, is racing one of his teams. So how did Kaiser get to be one of Alaska’s top mushers? He says that it’s “basically a lifestyle.”It started before he was born. His father, Ron Kaiser, moved to Bethel in 1979. A year later, Bethel put on the inaugural Kuskokwim 300 race. Ron ran several of the subsequent K300 races, but never won. His best K300 finish was 10th place, but he nourished a fierce love for the sport. When Pete was born, Ron gave up mushing to raise a family. Then he got a dog, Giant, to pull a young Pete around.“One dog, and pretty soon you need two dogs because kids are getting bigger, and so you need three dogs, and then five or six dogs so dad can actually train them to behave, and then, you know, they liked it,” said Ron.Even though he grew up with sled dogs, Pete didn’t decide to dedicate his life to mushing until college, his father says.“He was sitting up there in Fairbanks saying, ‘I really don’t want to go to school, I want to run dogs.’ I was, ‘Okay, might as well come do it then,’” said Ron.Pete started researching everything he could find about mushing. He sought out mentors who showed him how to balance a personal life with a demanding sport. Pete also had a community that backed him.“When I decided to mush full-time and really race and make a go of it, I was fortunate to have a good seasonal job,” Pete said.His dad took care of Pete’s dogs in the summer while Pete worked on a barge for Bering Marine Company, a Lynden subsidiary. Pete also lived at home in the beginning.Pete says that the race that made it possible was the K300. When the race started in 1980, the founders just wanted to see if they could keep it going another year. Then another year. But forty years later, Pete Kaiser represents the race’s impact on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. That’s according to Myron Angstman, a K300 founder and two-time race winner.“He’s a local guy who is locally sponsored, for the most part. His helpers are mostly local, and he’s able to compete against and win against the biggest teams in the sport,” Angstman said.But can Pete Kaiser keep his mushing career going? It’s a lot of money to keep a small kennel like Pete’s afloat: around $50,000 annually. There’s the freight costs for bringing supplies into the bush, and traveling costs for when Pete has to go to other parts of Alaska to train because of poor conditions in Bethel.“There were a lot of springs being completely broke and starting work again and winning some money, putting it all back into the dog program again. But with some of that racing success comes sponsorships,” said Pete, who now has a total of seventeen sponsors.Pete has also sacrificed a lot more than income. He’s only been out of the state four times in the past decade. He’s gone a lot training, and almost everything in his life revolves around the dogs. But as his two young children, Ari and Aylee, mature, he wonders if he’ll still be mushing in another decade.“If I were to get out of dogs right now, it would be just odd not to have a yard full of dogs to go feed every night. It’s just such a routine you get yourself into every morning,” Pete said.He still wants to win the Iditarod. And even though he’s pretty low-key about his competitiveness, Pete wants that fifth K300 win and won’t have to go far to see the trophy: Ron has made many of the K300 trophies, of which his son owns four.Pete wants to win it, his parents want him to win it, and that’s what others in Bethel want too. This weekend, all eyes will be watching Pete Kaiser: the one to beat in this 40th K300 race.
To address this issue, a team of researchers from Stanford University in the US, the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology in Korea, and Sungkyunkwan University in Korea, has greatly improved the performance of n-channel organic semiconductors in transistors. They demonstrate that their transistor achieves the highest mobility for n-channel organic wire transistors known to date, and is comparable with the best p-channel organic wire transistors. Their fabrication method offers controlled alignment and density of the wires, which helps improve the overall device performance. The results are published in a recent issue of PNAS.“N-channel transistors are needed for complimentary circuits consisting of both p- and n-channel transistors,” coauthor Zhenan Bao of Stanford University told PhysOrg.com. “Such circuits consume less power and are easier to design then the ones with p-channel transistors only. They are less common because electrons flowing in these transistors are easily trapped by ambient oxygen and moisture. Therefore, special molecular design and synthesis is needed and only a few classes of molecules show good air-stable n-channel performance.”In their fabrication approach, the researchers used a solution fabrication method to assemble the organic microwires. Certain organic conjugated molecules, when placed in a hot concentrated solution, readily assemble into wires upon cooling or addition of a “bad” solvent (a solvent that the molecule is not readily soluble in). By controlling the cooling speed and solvent mixing ratio, the researchers could tune the diameter of the wire (in the range of tens of nanometers) and the length of the wire (from several millimeters to several tens of micrometers). Upon completion, the microwires exhibited a structurally perfect single-crystalline nature, with different locations of the same wire showing the same diffraction pattern geometry. In addition, the orientation of the molecules (pi-stacking) along the long axis of the microwires improved the wires’ charge transport efficiency, and overall wire performance.Next, the researchers used a filtration-and-transfer (FAT) alignment method to control the alignment and density of the microwires being deposited on the transistors. In general, organic microwires are difficult to work with due to their fragility, and they’re easily damaged by handling. In the FAT method, the microwires are aligned by fluid flow through a mask in a simple vacuum filtration setup. The method could successfully produce dense films of aligned and undamaged microwires, which is important for achieving a high and uniform current. Unlike most other assembly methods, the FAT method could also create multiple microwire patterns in different directions, simply by using an appropriate mask. As the researchers explained, the high mobility of the new n-channel organic transistors can be attributed to the high level of structural perfection of the microwires, along with good alignment and high density of the microwires on the transistors. Hopefully, this approach will lead to the fabrication of high-performance organic electronic devices, in addition to the transistors shown here. Zhenan added that solar cells and sensors are potential devices, and that the method should be applicable to inorganic nano- and microwire alignment, as well.More information: Joon Hak Oh, et al. “Solution-processed, high-performance n-channel organic microwire transistors.” PNAS, April 14, 2009, vol. 106, no. 15, 6065-6070.Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. (PhysOrg.com) — Organic semiconductors are promising building blocks for many devices, from LEDs to transistors, offering potential advantages such as cost-effectiveness, flexibility, and high performance. Currently, most research in organic semiconductors has focused on p-channel semiconductors, which transport positively charged holes, rather than n-channel semiconductors, which transport negatively charged electrons. The choice of semiconductor depends on the application, and many applications require a combination of both types. However, the few n-channel semiconductors that exist today have performance that lags considerably behind their p-channel counterparts. Scanning electron microscope images of (left) microwires synthesized using the researchers’ method (inset is the chemical structure of the molecules); and (right) aligned microwires on a substrate (inset is the corresponding optical image). Credit: Oh et al. ©2009 PNAS. Explore further Citation: Scientists Fabricate Organic Transistor with Improved Performance (2009, April 24) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-04-scientists-fabricate-transistor.html Speedier flexible electronics possible with new fabrication process This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The 36ft straw meerkat peeping over the Hurleston fields proved a very popular sculpture and big favourite with the children in 2010. Snugburys meerkat supported the Railway Children and over 2010/11 raised £2,880. Windmill – 2008 Driver named following fatal collision The Angel of the North West – a tongue-in-cheek take on the sculpture near Gateshead – was another great success. Millennium Wheel – 2005 Snugbury’s newest sculpture – a giant bumble bee Explaining the thinking behind the giant bee, a Snugbury’s spokesman said: “He stands 40ft tall and is made of straw and hand split wood, which is coated in a natural black dye to give him his iconic stripes. “We had an unprecedented amount of requests for our next straw feature, and this one was such an obvious pick for us. Read MoreStoke-on-Trent’s newest oatcake shop is now open (and prices start from just 35p!) “As a certified organic farm we do our best to enhance the farm’s environment for the local wildlife. “We heard some terrible statistics about bees, for example did you know one third of the UK’s bee population has disappeared in the last decade. “We wanted to do our bit and help these little fellas out.” Bumble is the latest in a long line of sculptures at Snugbury’s. Here we take a look at the 11 wonders that have taken our breath away over the last two decades. Compare the Meerkat – 2010 Big Ben in 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of the iconic clock in London’s Palace of Westminster. The straw namesake became a news sensation appearing in media all over the UK. Wheel of fortune – 2012 A giant straw windmill was created to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the straw sculptures. The idea actually came from a reader of The Sentinel’s sister newspaper, the Crewe Chronicle. Big Ben – 2009 The London 2012 Olympics saw Sir Chris Hoyle lead out a talented team of cyclists in the velodrome and win a string of gold medals. The Snugburys’ straw recreation was a fitting tribute to their triumphs. Cyclists speeding down Chester Road would often give a thumbs up! Dish of the Day – 2007 In 2011 Cheshire was home to one very cool straw Polar Bear. Standing 38ft tall and weighing in at an impressive 9 tonnes, it took 3 tonnes of straw and over a month to complete. On this occasion the sculpture supported The Children’s Adventure Farm Trust. Peter Rabbit – 2016 There were two giant dish shaped telescopes in Cheshire in 2007. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of Holmes Chapel based Lovell telescope at Jodrell Bank an anniversary straw sculpture was built to commemorate it. The 45ft structure known as Dish of the Day weighed over 6 tonnes. Exterminate! – 2013 Dad slams ‘disgusting’ hospital window A dinosaur could once again be seen striding across the Cheshire plains. This Ice Cream eating Coneastrawus was another hit with children. Polar bear – 2011 Police search for missing woman Follow StokeonTrentLive Download our app – You can download our free app for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store , or get the Android version from Google Play . Follow StokeonTrentLive on Facebook – Like our Facebook page to get the latest news in your feed and join in the lively discussions in the comments. Click here to give it a like! Follow us on Twitter – For breaking news and the latest stories, click here to follow SOTLive on Twitter . Follow us on Instagram – Featuring pictures past and present from across Stoke-on-Trent, North Staffordshire & South Cheshire – and if you tag us in your posts, we could repost your picture on our page! We also put the latest news in our Instagram Stories. Click here to follow StokeonTrentLive on Instagram . Punter found hiding in bushes The steel and straw Millennium Wheel was an engineering marvel. The straw landmark modelled on the London eye courted media attention and Snugburys even received a letter from David Marks, the architect of the real-life version. Coneastrawus – 2003 2016 marked the 150th anniversary of Beatrix Potter and the amazing Peter Rabbit sculpture really did wow the tourists. Sadly it was torched by arsonists. The devastated community rallied and people donated money and a new Peter Rabbit was quickly erected in 2017. Out of the ashes sprung another fabulous recreation to wow the crowds again and defy the mindless thugs who would destroy such a wonderful work of art. Read MoreTop stories on StokeonTrentLive Get the biggest Daily stories by emailSubscribeSee our privacy noticeThank you for subscribingSee our privacy noticeCould not subscribe, try again laterInvalid EmailThere’s a real buzz about Snugbury’s latest straw sculpture – a 40ft bumble bee. For nearly 20 years, Snugbury’s ice cream farm near Nantwich has created incredible designs to mark anniversaries and other major events. In fact, the most recent – Peter Rabbit – was so popular he became a tourist attraction in his own right with families wanting selfies. On top of that, the phenomenal sculptures have raised thousands for local charities at the same time as raising the profile of the award-winning ice cream. Now Snugbury’s is hoping to raise awareness of the plight of bees with its latest creation. For every chocolate honeycomb piece bought in the shop, Snugbury’s will donate 50p to the Bumble Bee Conservation Trust. And Bumble is sure to be a hit with motorists heading from Stoke-on-Trent towards Chester and North Wales. (Image: Peter Byrne/PA Wire) This fabulous 35ft Dalek which celebrated 50 years of Dr Who in 2013 took 700 hours to complete and was nicknamed the DaLICK and raised £3,000 for Cancer Research UK. Angel from the North West – 2004